Insulation Guide 101: A Complete Guide to Home Insulation

Complete Guide to Vermont Home Insulation

When you’re shopping for new insulation or having new insulation installed, you may see many terms that you weren’t familiar with before. They’re not necessarily terminology that’s used in the everyday lives of most homeowners. It’s good to be informed and know what those terms mean, however, before you make any decisions. That’s why we’ve put together a guide to help clarify the topic of home insulation.

Blankets, Bats, and Rolls

Blankets, bats, and rolls are common forms of insulation that can be installed in between joists and studs. They’re most commonly made with fiberglass or wool. They are an affordable option, but not necessarily the most energy efficient or the option offering the highest R-Value.

Loose Fill

Loose fill, also often made with fiberglass, is insulation that can be installed into any space by being blown into it until it’s filled. The appeal of this type of insulation is that it can be installed with minimal disturbance to the space, although again, it tends to lack the solid insulation of foam.


R-Value measures the ability to resist heat flow, keeping heat inside the home so that you don’t have to contend with drafts. The higher the R-Value, the better. High R-Value will also keep your home energy efficient and lower your heating bills, as your HVAC system won’t have to work as hard to keep your home comfortable.

Radiant Barrier

While most insulation is discussed for keeping heat in, radiant barrier is used to keep heat out on hot sunny days. It reflects the sunlight back instead of absorbing it so that the home stays cool.

Rigid Insulation

Rigid insulation is made of foam or concrete blocks filled with insulation. It varies in R-Value, with foam insulation being more insulating and concrete blocks usually requiring additional insulation. It is most often used with new construction, as the installation requires breaking the wall down, installing it, drywalling and painting all over again.

Spray Foam Insulation

Spray foam insulation is a remarkably versatile form of insulation because it can expand to fit any space. This makes it easy to install and highly efficient. There are two types of spray foam insulation: open and closed cell. Closed cell is denser and therefore helps to keep heat in. Spray foam insulation is also often used around pipes and windows and door frames.

Studs and Joists

Studs are support beams installed in the walls to help them stay up, while joists are support beams installed in the ceilings and floors. When you open the wall, the wood beams on either side of your insulation are the studs, and your new insulation is installed in the spaces in between.

Have any more questions about home insulation or what type of insulation you need? Let us help! Contact MBC Remodeling today for more information or a free consultation.

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